Peace Research Center has launched anti-war national campaign in renunciation of ongoing fighting in different regions of Sudan.
Observers hold that Sudan is suffering from conflicts and civil wars despite reconciliations, bilateral agreements and ongoing negotiations, thus called for communal mobilization and international support to end war, termed as an organized violence threatening people’s development and future.
“War is an absolute evil, “Mohamed Majoub Haroun the director of institute for peace research said. He called for ending conflicts especially in the regions of Darfur, Blue Nile and South Kordofan.
“Despite losing part of its territory by the secession of South Sudan, Sudan is still facing civil war in Darfur, Blue Nile and South Kordofan,” Haroun noted.
He described Sudan as “a unique case” awash with armed conflicts going on at the same time, contrary to any situation across the globe.
“it is heart-breaking and disgraceful situation,” he lamented, therefore, we at the institute found ourselves duty bound to launch this national campaign in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
Haroun called upon partners to support the one-year-long national campaign and concert effort to utterly shun the idea of war.
He disclosed that the campaign involves UNDP, national organizations, whose efforts are aimed at “demonizing war” so that people abhor it. Haroun pledged to stay the course of promoting peace culture to shape Sudanese public opinion against the war by employing different means and institutions including mosques and churches to preach peace and renounce war.
He added that the campaigners will work for established a broad-based participation to engage all community and state’s sectors to ensure that war is ultimately ended and peace is sustained nationwide.
Al-Sidiq Ahmed Hayati, the Chancellor of Khartoum University, said that Sudan tops African nations suffering from civil wars, but assured that the country is able to transcend all difficulties and conflicts, which he said stems deprivation of rights or securing rights by force. He called for using force for unity, solidarity and common goal to preserve dignity and human rights for peaceful more democratic future.
For his part, Musa Adam, a representative of the UNDP, said that the campaign provides a unique chance for establishing peace among communities in the country as basic human rights, adding that celebrating world peace day in Sudan resuscitates and reaffirms the UN’s commitment to international peace and security to uphold these values and consolidate peace objectives among communities.
“Providing peace to human is necessary for enjoying all human rights,” he said, calling for employing modern technology and communications means in the interest of humanity, human wellbeing and peace for all.
“Waiting for all conflicts in Sudan to end will jeopardize all programmes and efforts to development; hence tremendous efforts are needed to bring hope for a better future,” Adam said.
He pointed out that the UNDP is seeking partnership with all governmental, civil society organizations and academic research centers in order to promote peace and achieve development because they go in tandem.
Necessity to end the war
For her part, Balgees badri, expert at Gender, Peace and Human Rights Institute, the University of Ahfad, said the ongoing war in some regions of Sudan has aggravated the already existing economic crisis and rendered development to zero level in addition to harming foreign relations. She called for staging daily demonstrations against the war. “It is time we speak about the necessity to stop the war,” she said, drawing attention to dire conditions the IDPs are living under in camps. “We should apologize to the refugees for being indifferent to the crisis for a decade and not standing by them.”
According to latest UN report, the crisis in Darfur displaced about 2, 5 million persons, killed other 300,000 persons; however, the government insisted that the death toll does not exceed 10,000 persons.
Accordingly, the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued arrest warrant for President Al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur and finally indicted him on genocide, charges and allegations greeted with massive condemnation among the Sudanese.
Haj Atiya, expert in conflict resolution, called for the need for crafting a new social contract among the Sudanese, guaranteeing press freedoms and freedom to peaceful demonstration. He pointed to the suffering of and poverty the inhabitants of marginal regions, a suffering he said generated the feeling that they are second class citizens, and eventually degenerated into armed struggle by rebels against the government.
Atiya hoped that the national dialogue initiated by President Al-Bashir will attract and involve all stakeholders to conduct a serious, transparent and fair conversation to bring about a real political participation respecting language, ethnicity and diversity to arrive at a democratic system that will provide basic civil rights.
The regions of South Kordofan and Blue Nile has been the battle grounds for fighting between the government army and rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement – North (SPLM-N) since 2011, only two months following the secession of South Sudan and immediately after announcing the results of gubernatorial elections in South Kordofan. In addition, fighting in Darfur in general and sporadic skirmishes never seem to cease in the region involving government army and rebel Justice and Equality led by Jibreel Ibrahim, Sudan Liberation Army led by Arku Mini Minawi, and Sudan Liberation Movement led by Abdul-Wahid Nur.